On This Day; May 23rd

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On the 23rd of May in 1430 Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians during the Siege of Compiegne. The minor siege ended in a French victory, however the capture of their charismatic and very successful commander was a huge loss for the French. The Burgundians who were shaky allies of England throughout the Hundred Years’ War traded her to the English for 10,000 livres tournois.

Joan of arc was held in Rouen which was the main headquarters in France for England. A number of rescue attempts were made by the French, notably by the Armagnac party, including just before her eventual execution. She was tried for heresy and found guilty by the mainly English and Burgundian jury.

On the 30th of May 1431 over a year after her capture Joan of Arc was executed by burning. After the horrific burning her body was exposed to show everyone she had definitely died, she was then burnt twice more to mere ashes before the ashes were thrown in the Seine river.

After the execution of Joan of Arc the Hundred Years’ War took a general downward spiral for England, with the Burgundians later switching away their allegiance. The war ended in a French victory and sent England into turmoil and the Wars of the Roses.

Joan of Arc is now considered a French national heroine and a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.

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