The 31st of May was the date Ramesses II (Ramesses the Great) became the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, this was in the year 1279 BC. Ramesses was the third pharaoh from the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor”. Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant, reasserting Egyptian control over Canaan. He also led expeditions to the south, into Nubia, commemorated in inscriptions at Beit el-Wali and Gerf Hussein. He ruled Egypt to 1213 BC when he died, his age at death vary in sources but it is believed that he was likely 90 or 91. Upon his death he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of Kings, it is now on display in the Cairo Museum after discovery in 1881.