June 14th 1158, Munich was founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the Isar river in Bavaria. The founding occurred during Henry the Lion’s reign as Duke of Bavaria, Munich was one of a number of locations founded by Henry which also included Augsburg, Lubeck and Brunswick. Munich for much of its history has been the capital of the German state Bavaria and was also the capital during the time of the Kingdom of Bavaria when it was a separate state. During World War II Munich became a hotbed of extremist politics, among which Adolf Hitler and the National Socialism rose to prominence. Munich was also the site of the 1972 Summer Olympics, during which Israeli athletes were assassinated by Palestinian fedayeen in the Munich massacre, when gunmen from the Palestinian “Black September” group took hostage members of the Israeli Olympic team.
Today Munich is the third largest city in Germany behind Berlin and Hamburg, and it is the 12th biggest city of the European Union with a population of above 1.5 million. The Munich Metropolitan Region is home to 5.8 million people. The city is a major center of art, advanced technologies, finance, publishing, culture, innovation, education, business, and tourism in Germany and Europe and enjoys a very high standard and quality of living, reaching #1 in Germany and #4 worldwide according to the 2015 Mercer survey. According to the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute Munich is considered an alpha-world city, as of 2015.