On This Day: June 18th

On June 18th 1858 Charles Darwin received a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace with near identical conclusions about evolution, this prompted Darwin to have his theory published. He published a joint publication with Wallace introducing the theory of evolution from common ancestors and concluded that the branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that…

On This Day: June 17th

On the 17th of June 1944 Iceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic. Iceland, now also known as the Republic of Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. Iceland has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated…

On This Day: June 16th

On the 16th of June 1487 the final battle of the Wars of the Roses took place, it was the Battle of Stoke Field. The engagement took place in East Stoke, Nottinghamshire and ended in a decisive Tudor victory. Henry Tudor victorious on the behalf of the Lancastrians two years prior at the Battle of…

On This Day: June 15th

The deadliest tsunami in Japanese history occurred on June 15th 1896, the tsunami killed more than 22,000 people. The tsunami was due to the Sanriku earthquake on the same day which was one of the most destructive seismic events in Japanese history, it was an 8.5 magnitude on the Richter scale. The earthquake occurred approximately…

On This Day: June 14th

June 14th 1158, Munich was founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the Isar river in Bavaria. The founding occurred during Henry the Lion’s reign as Duke of Bavaria, Munich was one of a number of locations founded by Henry which also included Augsburg, Lubeck and Brunswick. Munich for much of its history…

On This Day: June 13th

On the 13th June 1917 Germany carried out their worst raid on London during World War I. The raid was carried out by Gotha G bombers, they were heavy bombers  used by the Luftstreitkrafte (Imperial German Air Service) during World War I. The raid resulted in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and another 432 injuries.

On This Day: June 12th

On June 12th 1942 Anne Frank received a diary for her thirteenth birthday. The diary which she documented the events in her life as the horror of the Nazi’s took her home and eventually her life, she died less than three years after receiving that diary in February or March 1945. Anne Frank was born…

On This Day: June 11th

On the 11th of June 1937 Stalin the leader of the Soviet Union had eight army leaders executed, this was part of the Great Purge under Stalin’s leadership. The Great Purge was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist…

On This Day: June 10th

On the June 10th 1523 Copenhagen was surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, this was due to the city not recognising him as the successor to his nephew Christian II of Denmark. Christian II was the King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, he was forced to abdicate the throne by a large…

On This Day: June 9th

Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide on the 9th of June in the year 68. Nero was part of the Julio-Claudian dynasty which referred to the first five emperors of Rome beginning with Augustus, Nero was like most of the dynasty not a direct heir and was the adopted successor of his grand-uncle Claudius. He became…

On This Day: June 8th

In 798 on the 8th of June Vikings raided the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria. This was generally seen as the start of Norse activity in the British Isles. There were a number of periods with invasions such as 865-896 which included the capture of York in 866 the death of King Æthelred of Wessex…

On This Day: June 7th

June 7th 1991 was the date that Mt.Pinatubo had its first magmatic eruptions, it generated ash columns 7 km high. The 1991 Mt.Pinatubo eruption was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, and it was by far the largest eruption to affect a densely populated area. The eruption was a colossal one, it…