On the 24th of July 1567 Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate her throne to her son James VI, he reigned as the King of Scots till his death and was also King of England and Ireland after the death of Elizabeth. Mary was forced to abdicate after her marriage to James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell who was widely believed to have murdered Mary’s previous husband.
After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, she fled southwards seeking the protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. Mary had previously claimed Elizabeth’s throne as her own and was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics, including participants in a rebellion known as the Rising of the North. Perceiving her as a threat, Elizabeth had her confined in various castles and manor houses in the interior of England. After eighteen and a half years in custody, Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth, and was subsequently beheaded.