On August 2nd the Second Congo War began, it was little more than a year after the First Congo War had ended. The war officially ended in July 2003, when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power. Although a peace agreement was signed in 2002, violence continued in many regions of the country, especially in the east. Hostilities have continued since in the ongoing Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency, and the Kivu and Ituri conflicts.
The war has been described as the deadliest war in modern African history, the Second Congo War has directly involved nine African countries, as well as approximately 20 separate armed groups. By 2008, the war and its aftermath had caused 5.4 million deaths, principally through disease and starvation, this has made the Second Congo War the deadliest conflict worldwide since World War II.